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视觉中国维权“暴利”背后:摄影师分成持续下降!

2019-04-16     牛牛财经   来源:南方都市报
文章摘要:  “视觉中国刚创立时,分成比例是五五:视觉中国和版权人平分,后来变成了七三、八二。现在的情况是视觉中国拿收入的大头,摄影师拿小头。”广州一位摄影师陈橙(化名)对南都记者表示。   在多位摄影师看来,即便是同类的编辑类素材,摄影师能够获得的….

  “shijuezhongguogangchuanglishi,分fenchengbilishiwuwu:视shijuezhongguohebanquanrenpingfen,后houlaibianchengliaoqisan、八baer。现xianzaideqingkuangshishijuezhongguonashourudedatou,摄sheyingshinaxiaotou。”广guangzhouyiweisheyingshichencheng(化huaming)对duinandujizhebiaoshi

  在zaiduoweisheyingshikanlai,即ji便bianshitongleidebianjileisucai,摄sheyingshinenggouhuodedetichengjieranbutong。同tongleixingzhaopian,却queyinweigoumaizhebutong,可kenengyizhangjibaiyuan、也yekenengyizhang1元yuanduoyixie。这zhebeihou,照zhaopianmailiaoduoshaoci?卖mailiaoduoshaoqian?是shifouweiquanliao?摄sheyingshiduwucongerzhi

  摄sheyingshifenchengxiahua

  有yourenchengshijuezhongguoshangshihoufenchengjiangzhierba

  “摄sheyingshizaishijuezhongguotupianchouchengbiliwei25%,我woyizhangtuzuidishizhinadao20元yuan。”目muqianzaizuosheyinggongzuoshidechenchengduinandujizhebiaoshi

  像xiangchenchengzheyangdesheyingshizhengshishijuezhongguoshijueneirongdezhuyaotigongzhe

  历lijing1 9年niandefazhan,视shijuezhongguodeshijueneironglaiyuanxiangdangwending,主zhuyaobaokuogongsiziyoubanquanneirong、签qianyuegongyingshanghegong稿gaorendeneirong

  签qianyuesheyingshiduiwuzaiguoqujinianbuduanzhuangda。南nandujizhehuodeshujuxianshi,截jiezhi2013年nian6月yue30日ri,与yushijuezhongguoliangdazigongsiqianyuedegerensheyingshichaoguo1 。01万wanming;截jiezhi2014年nian6月yue30日ri,签qianyuegerensheyingshiyue1 。1万wanming。2016年nianhe2017年niandi,视shijuezhongguofenbieyujin1 。8万wanhequanqiu30余yuwanqianyuegong稿gaorenjianlineironghezuo

  2008年nianqianhou,中zhongguobentudetukugongsiqiaoranjueqi,视shijuezhongguohequanjingdengchengweiqizhongdejiaojiaozhe。随suizhuogongsizhuangdafazhan,视shijuezhongguoduishangyousheyingshideyijianenglibuduantisheng

  一yifenshijuezhongguojiekeshangshiqian(2013年nian9月yue)的dewenjianzhichu,“就jiuguoneishichangeryan,图tupiankugongsishouqutupianshoujiade50%-80%不budengdeshouyi,而ershangyousheyingshidefenchengbilizezai20%-50%之zhijian。”

  然raner,在zaibufensheyingshikanlai,视shijuezhongguoshangshihou,摄sheyingshidefenchengbiliyoubeiyadi。据juchenchengjieshao,已yicongwuwufenzhangbianchengsanqi、二erbaliao

  摄sheyingshifangwen(化huaming)认renwei,视shijuezhongguohesheyingshidehetongqianshuqixianwei3年nian,这zheyiweizhuo3年nianjiangweichitongyigefenchengbili

  摄sheyingshimengzaiguli

  不buzhidaomailiaoduoshaoqian,一yizhangtuyoushibuzu2元yuan

  “图tupianzenmemaide?摄sheyingshibucanyu,摄sheyingshiyebunengkandaoshimaigeishui。”方fangwenmeiyuenengkandaozhangdan,但danzhangdanshangzhiyouzhifudejine,至zhiyumailiaoduoshaocizeyigaibuzhi

  不buzhiyiweisheyingshixiangnandujizhefanying,销xiaoshoushujudequewufaheshi。一yixiesheyingshishenzhi怀huaiyizijidezhaopianbeimailiaoquemeiyounadaoqian。“销xiaoshoutupiandegongsiduyouzheleijiufen。”陈chenchengbiaoshi

  不buguo,多duoweisheyingshibiaoshi,摄sheyingshidefenchengyusucaileibieyouguan。视shijuezhongguohuiyusheyingshifenbieqiandingchuangyileisucaihetonghebianjileisucaihetong,分fenchengbilikenengbutong。其qizhong,编bianjileibanquansucaishijuyouchuanbobaodaojiazhi,记jilukeyiyinqigongzhongxingqudedanchunshishixiaoxidebanquansucai

  根genjushijuezhongguozai2013年nianpiludeziliaolaikan,创chuangyileisucaiyibananzhaotupianhuoshipindejingdu、授shouquan使shiyongdeshijian、范fanwei、形xingshidengjutiyinsudingjia。编bianjileisucaianzhaozuizhongkehushijiyongtu、发faxingshuliang、发fabuqixian、发fabuquyu、发fabucishudengjutiyinsudingjia

  不buguo,摄sheyingshimenbingbuqingchujutidedingjiabiaozhun

  不bushaosheyingshimianlindeqingkuangshi,即ji便bianshitongleidebianjileisucai,摄sheyingshinenggouhuodedetichengjieranbutong。有youxiebianjileisucaidefenchenggaodajibaiyuan,而eryoudezhaopianquebuzu2元yuan

  在zaifangwenkanlai,目muqianbianjileihechuangyileidaduowei25%、35%的defenchengbilixianranjiaodi,而er40%至zhi50%比bijiaoheshi

  维weiquan“生shengyi

  2015年nian8月yuepilu593件jianqinquananquanbushengsu

  值zhideguanzhudeshi,视shijuezhongguozengzaijiekeshangshiqiandebaogaozhongfenxiliaoqinquanzhedechengben

  视shijuezhongguozaifenxizhongcheng,例liru,一yizhangpubiande广guanggaoyongtupian,广guanggaogongsihuoqiyegoumaijiagebuguoshuqianyuan,而erqiyinqinquanbeiqisuhoufuchuchengbenkenenggaodashuwanyuan;一yizhangyongyushangbiaodeshangyetupian,购goumaijiagezai1万wanyuanzuoyou,而erqiqinquanfuchuchengbenkenenggaodashuwanyuan。因yinci,对duiyuyixiehuipiliang使shiyongshijuesucaideqiyeeryan,出chuyufengxianfangfankaolv,多duohuixuanzegoumaizhengbantupian

  根genjutianyanchashujuxianshi,自zishijuezhongguoshangshihou,共gongjichanshengliao9146起qiminshipanjueshuhuozhecaidingshu,包baokuoyishen、二ershenpanjueshu、裁caidingshu,其qizhong2018年niangaoda3032起qi,2017年nianyou1765起qi,2016年nianyeyou1149起qi

  视shijuezhongguoguanfangpiludeshuju,亦yizuozhengliaoqidaguansichengxiaoxianzhu

  南nandujizhechayuedingqibaogaohuoxi,披pilushijianwei2015年nian8月yue28日ri,视shijuezhongguozuoweiyuangaotiqibanquanqinquansusong,涉sheanjinewei173 。69万wanyuan,其qizhong,未weijue507(含han2014年nianershenanjian)件jian,已yijiean593件jian,全quanbushengsu

  另lingyizeshujuyixianshiliaoweishangshiqiandedaobanqinquanguansiqingkuang。截jiezhi2013年nian9月yue20日ri,视shijuezhongguoqixiazhuyaoliangjiagongsiyiyuangaoshenfengongtiqiqieweijuesusongzhong,已yishouli、未weikaiting229起qi;已yikaiting、未weipanjue115起qi;一yishenyipanjue、对duifangshangsushangweikaitingde70起qi;二ershenkaiting、未weipanjue69起qi;判panjueyishengxiao、尚shangweizhixing35起qi;执zhixingzhong53起qi;调diaojiehuohejie142起qi

  视shijuezhongguoshezhiguogaodepeichangjiagecunzailanyongsuquandexianyi,而erqieyouxieweiquan“生shengyi”饱baoshouzhiyi

  4月yue12日ri,SO H O中zhongguodongshichangpanshiyizaiweibofawencheng,“2017年niangongsijiedao‘视shijuezhongguo’的dedianhua。说shuowomen@望wangjingSO H O的dezhaopianqinquanliao!我womenmashangdiaocha,望wangjingSO H O是shiwomenjiande,摄sheyingshishiwomenqingde,怎zenmehuiqinquanne?我womenbadiaochajieguogaosuliaoshijuezhongguo,就jiumeiyouxiawenliao。”

  “视shijuezhongguobanquanbianjiemohu,平pingtaishenhebuyanzaochengyewufengxian。”付fuyudijieshounandujizhecai访fangshicheng

  曾zengzaozhiyi

  深shenjiaosuoyaoqiushuomingxiaoshoujiageshifouyushichangjiagemingxianpianli

  以yiweiquanzhuchengdeshijuezhongguo,早zaojiusheliliaozhuanmenweiquanbumen

  南nandujizhefaxian,根genju2013年nian9月yuepiludeqingkuang,视shijuezhongguoqixialiangjiazhongyaozigongsizujianliao20余yurendezhuanyeweiquantuandui

  今jinnian4月yue12日ri,国guojiabanquanjufabudeyigegonggaokeweiyiweishenchang:国guojiabanquanjujiangbatupianbanquanbaohunarujijiangkaizhande“剑jianwang2019”专zhuanxiangxingdong,进jinyibuguifantupianshichangbanquanzhixu。各getupiangongsiyaojianquanbanquanguanlijizhi,规guifanbanquanyunying,合hefaheliweiquan,不budelanyongquanli

  什shimejiao“滥lanyongquanli”?通tongguobanquantousuhuodekehu,拿nazhuo“侵qinquan”协xieshangpeichang,这zhebeirenweishishijuezhongguode“维weiquanshiyingxiao”。

  视shijuezhongguo“维weiquanshiyingxiao”早zaobeishenjiaosuoguanzhu。2018年nian9月yue,深shenjiaosuoduishijuezhongguofabuyizewenxunhanxianshi,当dangshiyinshijuezhongguoyujiandanwangjiufenanjian,深shenjiaosuoyaoqiuqishuomingyujiandanwangqianshuzhengbantupianshouquanhezuoxieyizhongdexiaoshoujiageshifouyushichangjiagemingxianpianlidengwenti

  在zaigeishenjiaosuodehuifuzhong,视shijuezhongguotanyan:“公gongsiyiguanbenzhuocuchengyouneirongxuqiude‘侵qinquanfang’成chengweichangqide‘正zhengbanxieyikehu’的deyuanze,而erbushikaosusonghuodegaoepeichang。”也yejiushishuo,视shijuezhongguoruguofaliaolvshihan,除chuliaoweiquan,也yeshixiangyicixunqiuchangqihezuojihui

  回huisuzhi2014年nianshijuezhongguo“借jiekeshangshi”的degongkaicailiao,视shijuezhongguozengjingzheyangjieshaoliaozijidezhishichanquanweiquanmoshi:“销xiaoshoutuanduihuoweiquantuanduifaxianyisiqinquankehu—核heshitupianlaiyuan,是shifouyougoumaijilu—与yuweihuoshouquankehuxieshangqiandingxiaoshouhetong—不bupeihexieshangzeyijiaolvshi—和hejiehuofaqisusong。”

  视shijuezhongguozaijiekeshangshidebaogaohuanfenxicheng,“对duiyushichangguimozengchangdeyoulitiaojianzaiyusucaigongyingshangwangwangbingbuhuizhendeqisunaxiedaoyongtupianzhe,相xiangfan,这zhexiegongsinuliyuzhexierenhezuo,把batamenzhuanbianweikehu。通tongguozheyitujinghuodedekehuziyuan,往wangwanghuichengweiqiyeyewuzengchangdezhongyaozuchengbufen。因yinci,对duidaobantupianjiancejishudebuduangaijin,对duiqianzaikehudechixupeiyang,将jiangtuidongzhongguoshijuesucaixingyebaochigaosuzengchang。”

(文wenzhanglaiyuan:南nanfangdushibao

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